Proximity means proximity at a distance or in time, concord simply means verb-subject chord. The verb-subject agreement is the relationship of agreement that exists between two grammatical units. This means that an object in a sentence must always match its verb. The principle of the agreement between the concord or verb of the subject is that a single subject should always correspond to a singular verb and vice versa. But there are times when the arrangement of what is considered an “agreement” is not so obvious, because what sounds like a single name is truly plural, or what sounds like a plural noun is essentially singular. This concept is called fictitious chord, also known as fictitious concord or synese. This is the proximity of the concord. I hope that at this point you have had a fair idea of what is at stake in a close-up agreement. To learn more about the concord or verb chord theme click here.
Let`s look at the examples of proximity concord below: Let us turn our attention back to the close concord, because this happens about us for the day. Approach concords are a kind of subject-verb chord in which we have two or more subjects in a sentence by “or….. or, neither…… not only…….. But also. The rule of proximity concord says that the verb in the sentence should always correspond with the subject closer to the verb therefore the name of the close concord. Do you remember what I told you about proximity? It`s close to the distance. The “proximity rule” to which you refer is that if you have a compound but disjunctive subject, the verb corresponds in number to the approach – or in the case of three or more, the next – of the subjects. All this is true, and: the fictitious chord is something we do not often consider, because it is almost instinctive, a part of our regular speech habits.
And it is not a rule defined per se, but a matter of preference, and it is more common in British English than in American English. If you prefer to say “a lot of spectators were approaching,” you`re not wrong. Simply put, a fictitious chord occurs when the agreement between a subject and its verb (or, in some cases, a pronoun and its predecessor) is determined by meaning and not by form. In addition to the fictitious concordance, here is a second principle in the game that sounds the use of a plural verb more “correct” than the singular verb, and this is called the principle of proximity. This means, for example, that in a construction like “many Revelers”, one might be more inclined to choose a form of verb that corresponds to the plural noun that is closer to the verb (Revelers) in the sentence than the noun further from the singular (Crowd): from the sentence above, we can see that we have two themes like “John” and “children”. The first theme “John” is singular, while the second is plural “children.” We have a pluralistic verb. The reason we used a plural “are” is the fact that we are dealing here with an approximation, and the rule of proximity concord says that the verb in the sentence should always correspond to the subject closest to it. Of the two themes we have in the phrase “John” and “Children,” you can clearly see that “children” are closer to the verb “are” than “John.” We therefore make sure that the plural subject “children” corresponds to the “are” in the plural. Most English people speak the basic rule of the subject verb chord: a singular name takes on a singular verb, and a plural noun takes its corresponding plural.
What is an approximation agreement in English grammar? The proximity of the concord is the subject agreement verb. To fully understand what a close concord is, let`s look at the words that make the sentence one after the other and see what each one means. The same rule applies (well or may apply) to neither sentences and one or more instances. In all the examples you have just provided, you can therefore change all instances from either in neither, nor in or in, and the verb remains unchanged.