Your first major task as a Member of Parliament will be to give its first reading to the withdrawal agreement, a formality that does not involve debate, and then second reading, which involves both a debate and a vote. Von der Leyen tweeted: “Charles Michel and I have just signed the agreement on the UK`s withdrawal from the EU, which paved the way for its ratification by the European Parliament.” The bill will now continue to go around the House of Commons and Lords to enter the law inevitably before 29 January, in time for the plenary session of the European Parliament, in order to ratify the October Brexit agreement. t.co/tt8j8igzO0 Royal approval of the bill means the UK will leave the EU on 31 January, as long as the deal is approved by the European Parliament. This was one of five amendments to the EU withdrawal agreement that were adopted by their peers and overturned. The bill introduces the government`s Brexit deal. Conservative MPs applauded when the House of Commons voted on Friday for the second reading of the bill. A Downing Street source said: “Our manifesto has made it clear that we will not extend the implementation period and the new withdrawal agreement will legally prevent the government from accepting an extension.” It contains several important amendments that reduce parliamentary control of the Brexit act and give the government the freedom to negotiate without Parliament`s approval. A week before the 31 January deadline, the agreement is now finalised and discussions on the future relationship between the UK and Brussels are to begin. Johnson finally managed to get his account through the Commons and Lords after his predecessor Theresa May failed several attempts. After being passed at second reading on Friday afternoon by 124 votes, the bill moves on to the next phase after the Christmas break. The protection of workers and minors was also removed from the Withdrawal Agreement Act Emma Lewell-Buck, who was one of six Labour MPs who wanted to vote in favour of the bill, said it was time to end “opposition to the opposition.” Under Article 132 of the withdrawal agreement, which was provided for some Conservative MPs seeking a hard Brexit under The terms of the World Trade Organisation, there were plans to agree only once on an extension of that period of up to two years. Johnson said he would not use the option he has in the withdrawal agreement to extend that transition period.
The Prime Minister said the 11-month time available without a new extension was “ample” time to reach a comprehensive agreement. Here is a Guardian Brexit journalist, Lisa O`Carroll, who explains what is new in this version of the law: This is the BBC`s political correspondent, Iain Watson.